by adv. Dr. G. Balakrishnan , former visiting faculty  JBIMS (Mumbai university)(India) now  · Easton,  Boston, MA ·

Charity makes no decrease in property….an Arabian Proverb. Indeed Gita too says same thing. ‘Desire is the root cause of all misseries’ said Buddha A rich man cannot enter kingdom of heaven while camel enter an eye of a needle, how true they are all?

In Gita ch.VI.11, in terms of sloka 10, ‘External vigilance over body are mixed Essential’,

‘Let the yogin try constantly to concentrate his mind (on Supreme Self) remaining in ‘solitude’ and alone, self controlled, free from ‘desires’ (Gautam Buddha’s tenet that ‘Desire is the sole cause of all miseries’) and so too (longing for) possessions’ ( duly reflected by Jesus Christ…(‘We must not become slave to things (finite)(destroyable) to gain the ‘glad freedom of Spirit.’

Jesus Christ (correctly felt .. To the rich man who said that he had kept all the Commandments, why because he answered… ‘Yet lackest thou one thing (Mr.Rich Man! ): sell all that thou hast and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven’,

When Jesus saw that the rich man very SORROWFUL. he said, ‘How hardly shall they (rich man) that have riches enter into the Kingdom of God.

For it is easier for camel to go through a ‘needle’s eye’, than for the Rich Man to enter into the Kingdom of God (heaven)’ (st. Luke xvii,18-23) quoted by Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, in his ,The Bhagavatgita pg.228);

In this stride, in sloka 11, Lord Krishna says, ‘He should set in a clean place his firm seat, neither too high nor too low, covered with sacred grass (reed), a dear skin, and a cloth (cotton) (a combine of skin and cotton, each nutralizes the other’s undesirable qualities),one over the other…

‘sucau dese pratisthapya’
natyuccachritam nattiicam
cailajinakusottaram’ ( roman script sanskrit )

( sloka. 12)

‘There taking his place on the seat , that making in his mind one-pointed and controlling his thought and sense , let be him practise yoga for the purification of the soul’’

in sanskrit rendering…

‘tatratikagram manah krtva
yatacittendriya kriyah
upavisyasane yunjyad
Here Yoga means …’dyana yoga,(meditation).

To realize truth, man must be delivered from ‘clutches of practical interests (finite factor)(‘maya’ = delusion) that are ‘bound up’ with our Exterior and Material life’.

The chief condition is the disciplined ‘dis-interested-ness’.

We must develop the ‘Power’ to (foresee) see things as a free ‘un-distorted intelligence’ would see them.

For this, we must get ‘ourselves’ out of the way(route).

it was quoted of Pythagorus (a Greek mathematical philosopher) when questioned , ‘why he called himself a philosopher, he gave the following story.

He compared ‘human life’ with the great festival at ‘Olympia’, where all the world comes together in a ‘motley crowd’.

Some are there ‘to do’ business at the fair and enjoy themseles; others wish to ‘win’ the wreath in the contest; and some others are MERELY spectators; and these Last Kind are the ‘philosophers’.

They keep themselves free from the ‘Urgencies’ of immediate necessities.

Pythagorus proves he is like one of those mere ‘spectators’; and hence he is a philosopher, he declared.

Sankara (charya) points out , that the ‘essential qualifications’ of a ‘Seeker’ of Wisdom are a capacity ‘to discriminate’ (like pythagorous) between the ‘Eternal’ and the ‘Non – Eternal’ – ‘detachment from the ‘Enjoyment’ of fruits of ‘action’ (like if a rich person gives away whatever he has to the poor under donations or charity, he can enter ‘Kingdom of heaven’ as Jesus described, ‘ a camel can enter the eye of a needle, a qualification of detachment), ‘terrestial or celestial’ :

– ‘Self control and an ardent desire ‘ for ‘Spiritual Freedom’. ( sanskrit quote:

‘ nityanityavastu-viveka, ithamutra-phala-bhogviragah, samadisadhana sampat, mumuksutvam.’)

For Plato, the ‘aim’ of all Knowledge, is to raise us to the ‘contemplation’ of the idea of Good, the source alike of being and knowing , and the IDEAL philospher is one whose goal , at the end of a life lived to the full, is always a life of a quiet , of indrawn stillness, of solitude, and aloofness, in which the world forgetting , by the world forgot, he finds his heaven in lonely contemplation of the “good”

. That and that alone is real life.

‘Blessed are the pure in heart’ for they shall see the God in kingdom of Heaven.

This ‘purification’ of the heart , ‘cittasuddhi’ (sanskrit) , is a matter of discipline.

Plotinus another philosopher tells us that ‘Wisdom’ is the condition in a being ‘at rest’.

Patanjali points out that the posture should be steady and ‘pleasing’ so as to aid concentration.

A right posture gives ‘serenity’ of body .

The body must be kept ‘clean’ if a living image of God is to be installed in it.

so in sloka 13 , Lord asks Arjun to hold the body, head and neck, erect and still, looking fixedly at the tip of his Nose (when in meditation), without looking around (without allowing eyes to wander ).

In sloka 14…Lord says ..’Serene and fearless, firm, in the vow of celebacy subdued mind, let him sit, harmonized, his mind turned to Me (in one’s own consciousness) alone…

The qualities demanded for the practice of Yoga may be compared with the three Evanglical counsels…

‘of Poverty, chastity and Obedience’

by which we overcome the world of flesh, and the ‘devil’ (evils).

If done so, you could be very well detached of anything,

-that only gives you the power of giving away anything you have to others that way you unload your burdens of all kinds of properties, and you would feel light and emancipated from worldly needs of anything.

The negative (negation) process of ‘all thoughts’ to a ‘standstill’ has for its positive side , concentration on the ‘Self’, ‘Isavara pranidhana’ (sanskrit) is recognized way in Yoga Discipline.

When Mind becomes ‘Still’, ,

Mind becomes vacant, for it is fixed on Supreme ‘maccitah matprah’ (sanskrit).

Only the single -visioned

-see the ‘Real’.Spiritual life is not ‘prayer’ or ‘pettition’.

It is profound devoutness, silent meditation, the opening of the ‘Consciousness’ (in you) to the INNERMOST depths of the soul , which connect, the individual, self directly with the Divine Principle ,

Those who learn this Árt’ do not require any EXTERNAL assistance (at all), and ‘(external) belief in dogma or participation in ritual’.

They acquire the çreative vision since they combine absorption with detachment .

They ´act´ in the world – (natana-meda) (play theatre) – , but the ṕassionless tranquility´ of the spirit remains undisturbed.

They are compared to the ´padma´, (Lotus) on the Lake, which is´not ruffled´ or unruffled by the tide.

Thus Lord says in sloka 15, ..

´the Yogin of subdued mind , ever keeping himself thus harmonized, attains peace – the Supreme nirvana (emancipation) from all desires that abides Me(Krishna Consciousness).

Hindu tradition looks upon Ahalya, Sita, Mandodari, Draupa(ti)di, and Tara, as Models of chastity, mahapativrata (greatest chaste women) ,

They are also called ´ṕanchamahakanya´ (five great women)
Thomas Hardy asks us to look upon ´Tess´ (these) as Pure women.

-’Chastity is a condition of Mind´.

in sloka 16,

Verily ´Yoga´ is not for those who eat ´too much´, or ´abstinances´ from too much eating .

It is not for him , Oh Arjuna, who sleeps too much or keeps awake ´too much´.

We must be free from (all kinds of) animal cravings,( as we are humans).

-We must ´avoid´ all ´excess´ in all things.

This is comparable with the ´Midddle path´ followed by Buddhists., the golden mean( concept) of Aristotle.

Lord Krishna in Sanskrit says like this:

´nityasnatastu yogo´ sti
na caikantamas´natah
na catisvapnasilsya
jagato naiva carjuna/

´For the man who is ´temparate´, in food and recreation, who is restrained in his actions , whose sleep and walking are regulated , there ensures discipline =(yoga) which kills / destroys sorrow´. He would have no problems.

Lord Krishna in sanskrit says so like …

yuktacestasya karmasu
yogo bhavati duhkhaya/´

Therefore, every one need understand that it is not ´complete abstinence´, from action; but restraint in action; that Lord Krishna advices.

When the ´Ego´ is established in self , it lives in a ´transcendent´ and universal consciousness and acts from that çentre.

When the disciplined mind is established in the self alone, liberated from all desires, then is he said harmonized (in yoga)= highest discipline.,

You need to be in complete effacement of the Ego that is essential for the Vision of Truth.

Every taint of individuality should disappear, if truth is to be known.

There should be an elimination of all of our – Prejudices and Idiosyncrasy´;

Lord Krishna as a supreme Teacher (Guru) gives the Art of Living
Procedure Code (LPC of time immemorial).

By this code (like your Law and Order Procedure codes – Cr.P.C or C.P.C in India or any where under Common laws) alone, the Seeker (could self discipline himself) – can experience of the Essential Self ( by Discipline called Yoga, as advocated by Gita ) .

In the Ordinary Experience, of the Outer or the Inner World;

-the Self in the union with the Body is immersed in phenomenal multiplicity ; and remains veiled because of it.

We should first of all ´empty´ the Soul of every Specific Operation, rid it of every image of every particular representation;

of every distinct operation of Mind;

– is vital to give vitality of your life, after all life without mind there can never be life at all..

This is negative process…(self denial process ).

It may be thought, that every particular representation of Mind we need to be draining from Consciousness of every image;

– ‘we end in a ṕure and simple nothingness.’

The Guru in Krishna makes out that the ´Negative Process´ is adopted to ápprehend, the Pure Self, to achieve the Beatific Vision.

The ´Silence´ is made Perfect and the Void is Consummated through the ápparently ‘negative’; but intensely vital mystical (experience of) contemplation , involving a tension of the ´forces´ (of energies) of the Soul.

It is a divine experience that transcends áll’ knowledge’.

For the Self is not an object (at all ) expressible, in a concept; or presentable to Mind as an Object.

That Object is inexpressible subjectivity

If one appreciates, Life becomes a worth living phenomenon.

Life becomes like a lamp in a windless place ‘flickerath not’ – sublime situation – to such is likeneded the Yogi (highly disciplined person) that is what Lord Krishna in his Krishna consciousness expects:

– every one human to be.

So the thought of yogi is of subdued thought, that yogi practices in union with Self (or Disciplined Self himself).

If you are so well ‘self disciplined’, Arab proverb becomes a reality —

-‘çharity makes no decrease in your property.’
In Sanskrit language, a classical language , ‘Charity’ is called as ‘Dharma’ where also Dharma is a rule of law too, as every king = ‘Raja’ must also have Dharmic institutions in the State mandatorily.

That way Charity institutions were found in ancient Greece, so too in ancient Rome too.

It is said, one who makes charity never looked for any ‘return’ of any kind, is the doctrine of charity .

If Dharma is not a great virtuous one why one would do indulge in charities, if it reduces his wealth is a pertinent question is it not?

Further more why kings and emperors indulged in charities right from time immemorial, a question would arise, after all every kingdom lived on the bases of taxes people paid, when so how Kings or emperors could indulge in charitable institutions and endowments,if charity is not worthy idea.

In fact even today charity is sought after by every organisation, clearly indicates ‘charity never decreases one’s property but charity only helps crimes to dwindle drastically any where and every where.

By charity you develop Fellowship among people, a great virtue. Besides you feel great if you give charitable donation to any.

In fact every donor – man who makes charity – feels elated and donation boosts his spirit that there is a donee to accept .

In Hindu Culture, ‘Athithi Devo Bhava’ means:

-In those days, every family every day wait for anyone to visit their house for food before family takes its dinner;

every day meaning – ‘you shall share your food with some who is a ‘have no’t or ‘poor person’ before you eat your own food.

Such elementary approaches of charity really made the country a ‘Rama Rajyam, meaning that in such a environ there would be no enmity between people,;

as every one shares what ever it/he has with it, that way life is proved to be worth living is the ‘doctrine of Rama Rajyam’, where, then it so was existing.

Same is beautifully reflected in the Arabian proverb.

All Charities indeed born out of one’s own selfishness for a peaceful life;

and living as such, as none would like to usurp other’s wealth or property, as such, since that ‘such usurping thought’ would never enter his mind nor surface in him at all, even among poor and needy;

for the poor and needy would think such a thought ‘to usurp other’s weath or property , is a ‘serious sin’, he would face punishment on the day of God’s judgement day, reckoning.

Therefore, charity is institutionalized as such.

When charity dwindled as the greed took over man, robberies , thefts, stealings got surfaced all over.

in England, the concept of ‘Rob the Peter, pay the Paul’ came into being.

The doctrinal principle is to mean :

– if you hold anything more than your bare requirement you would have to face robberies, thefts and the like, as you deprive others their needy things as you would simply hoard for yourselves, after all things are always scarce.

Originally honorable Kings’ courts never punished a robber initially whence once reported immediately without ‘audi alteram partem (Latin) principle ;

-’that way Natural Justice came into being’ as such.

If the robber tells the honorable court that he stole or robbed anything like food, or bare minimum needs of any man, which he suffered, that was considered as ‘just and reasonable’, unlike today’s concept of any robbery is punished with man is delivered with punishmentsthen and there;

as the statutes are ‘unreasonably harsh’ is made, \

-that kind of statutes only promote more and more robberies, thefts, ect.

Today’s principles of law though subject to judicial review whether the ‘statute’ itself is rightly handed out or not being decided under Natural justice principles, generally, the powerful just mishandle administration of laws, owing to that all bad things do happen is convincingly settled by doctrine of charity or donation.

The whole principle centers around on:

‘thou shall have what is barely required, thou shalln’t hoard anything’ .

God bestowed on man everything bare minimum to live long, in peace and amity.

What is more than your need or bare requirement you shall ‘share’ with fellow beings, for peaceful co-existence.

God is angry on man if he deprives fellow human being,

so He drove away ‘Adam and Eve’ from Garden of Eden where everything is plentiful but one shall not grab everything.

When Saturn influenced through the Fruit of Knowledge concept – he polluted the mind of Man.

Polluting the mind is the imminent fall of Man ;

this warns none should fall a prey to some foul ideas ‘of shame’ as such; when if you do not care wrong things however beneficial to you, l nothing untoward would happen or would have taken place, is, the sublime thought.

Even today scantily dressed persons in Adi vasis are seen in mountainous areas, do they run away from thier own livings?

Absolutely Not As long as you do not have any poluted thought in you, you are safe.

Governments talk and talk continuously,

had they really given adequate dress to the Adivasis or whether their lands are still safe?

when these so called governments intrude their living, under so called facades of ‘developments’ the government push these Adivasis to wall of ignominous life, under so called PAPs, project affected people or like that, even today in

india in several States in the indian federation called, indian Union.

In Gita ch.13.7 it is stated, Humility (absence of pride), integrity (absence of deceit), non violence, patience, uprightness, service of the teacher, purity (of body and mind), steadfastness and self control is a part of (Gyana) knowledge.

Do we see such knowledge is prevailing with your law makers called so called legislators whom you elected them to govern you?

What it reflects?

Indeed it only reflects you; as you only elected such representatives to look after your interests….! Does it speak great of you?

In Gita ch.13.8, it is stated, indifference to the objects of sense, self-effacement and the perception of the evil of birth, death , old age, sickness and pain being at their peak in you, so like you in the society, and in the rulers result in multiplication of the similar qualities –
contribute to unendurable pains….old age and infirmity is the knowledge you need to evaluate ;

if you did so, then you get further Gyana (knowledge);

so long as you are not able to realize,

you fall as a prey to attachment and

– clinging to son, wife, home and the like and a constant relevant mindedness to all things;

and other connected happenings which bind you,

if then how would you consider losing those finite factors of facts that blind ones;

– is the fact Lord Krishna told Arjuna…’attachments are always lead you to misery’, Lord Krishna revealed under real knowledge.

Lord Krishna told his close disciple in Arjuna;

if you could, into ‘non attachment’, and if you you ‘do not feel’,

the absence of your son(s), wife(ves), home(s) and the like and a constant equal mindedness to all ‘desirables’ and undesirable happenings,

you could get emancipation of links – bandha (connections) you could be emancipated from all these evils Lord Krishna reiterated;
if so you are Jyani (knowledgeable ) yogi;

but you might not, so you need to be contented with this existence and need to accept the attendant problems of living,

-without any quarrel, that is real knowledge .

In sloka 10, you are asked ‘unswerving devotion to Me ( Lord Krishna) (Krishna Consciousness) with, whole hearted discipline;

-‘ do resort to solitary places. dislike for a crowd of people’. he said.

In sllok 11,

‘Constancy in the knowledge of the Spirit,

– insight into the end of knowledge of truth – and this is declared to be genuine true knowledge ;

and all that is different from it;

is ‘Non-Knowledge’ – No knowledge at all’ declared Lord Krishna.

It should be clear from this list of qualities, that gyana (jnana) or knowledge includes,

the practice of moral virtues.

Mere theoretical (knowledge) learning will not do. …….

‘nayamtma pravacanena labhyo,na medhaya,na bahuna srutena. Katha’ (Upanishad., II ,22 Mundaka Up, III ,2-3)

By the development of moral qualities the ‘light’ ‘of the ever changeless Self’ witnessing all but attached to none is discriminated from passing forms and is no more confused with them.

( sloka. 12) (Lord Krishna)

‘I describe that which is to be
known and by knowing which life eternal is gained. If it is the Supreme Brahman who is beggingless and who is said to be neither Existent nor non-existent’. (unknowable is in fact)

‘anadimat param = begingless Supreme. S (Sankara)

‘anadi matparem ‘= beginningless, ruled by R ( Ramanuja)

It is eternal , liffted above all empirical oppositions of existence and non -exxxistence, beginning and end, and if we realize ,It, birth and death happen to be mere ‘outward’ events which do not touch the ‘eternity of the SELF’.

When so you are, why are you used to hoard, and involved in your indulgences, you would indulge in such indulgences and laziness is indeed a Himalayan defectives that are the himayan facts of your life, said Lord Krishna, a great revelation in Gita..

You could give away your own body by death, death indeed is a ‘non existent fact’; and as such, such an event when it is immaterial, why are you so much attached to ‘mundane ‘(finite) objects is the giant big Question? you need to respond.

Supreme has the two aspects – the one of transcendence and detachment; and the other of immanence in each particular union with the non-self.

It is described in several paradoxes –

He is without and within, unmoving, and moving, far away and near, undivided and yet divided…Mahabharatha says ‘that when the self is associated with the modes of nature, it is called ‘ ksetrajna’ (micro perception); when it is released from these it is called , ‘ paramatman’ or the Supreme self’ (macro perception).

You hoard wealth or properties at the cost of others (yea, at your own cost!), just to fend your future children, grand children or great grand children means you think thry cannot fend their lives , thus you throw them, the new future incoming generations, ( indeed non existent facts!);

But you throw them in ‘indulgences ‘ and ‘laziness based pursuits’,

You even do not even work your basic profession (karma), – say as a farmer no longer you work on farms with necessary to be basic zeal, along with other farm workers;

You used to work with them earlier, but you are enveloped by alterego, after some so called positions(some blinds or curtains on you);

and thus you think it is below your imaginary station dimention, to work on your farms as farmer you did earlier.

If that happens, sooner or later you are bound to forget the techniques of farming, like a person suffering amnesia which would make living itself difficult, without food that way you need to determine your own end;

no more progenitors, after all cosmos is one that works on certain rules.

Thus you are warned of your own disutility by very nature of taking bribes to ensure greater lives for your kin, kids and the new generation, what a futility, you seem not realize:

if you fall a prey to indulgences, laziness;

after all daily yogic discipline practices only keep you in touch with the work ethic that is called Karma.

Me = Lord Krishna = Krishi = efforts called ‘Karma’ – daily practices of efforts… that way He is an embodiment of functionalism, that has to be performed as a part of daily living exercises by every one ;

if one has to be on this earth as a ‘being’, that is, what is his attribute?

when so how could you spare your children, grand children ect to be indulging in all kinds of useless indulgences;

that would make them forget their basic ‘pursuits’ of professions of their family; you have to just to live, you need to follow ever cyclically; he needs to tell, – man! call him ‘eh manava’ mend your ways!

Therefore, in sloka 55, in chapter IX ,,,

‘He who does work for (on behalf of) Me, he who looks upon Me (work) as his goal , he who worships Me, is always ‘free from attachment’ – who is free from enmity to all creatures (creations), therefore, he goes to Me,= attains Me salvation bliss, (finally)!

This is the essence of Bakthi (see ch. XII ,13)…the true devotee….

He who has no ‘ill-will’ to any being , who is bound to be friendly and compassionate , free from egotism, and self -sense, even mindedness in pain and pleasure alike, and patient.’ then he is ‘a true devotee to wordly truth’;

and he is ‘disciplined in his life’, like a yogi = disciplined diciplinarian.

This verse is the ‘sum and substance’ of the whole teaching of Gita –

(Gitasistraya sarabhuto’rthah).

WE must carry out ‘our duties’ very sincerely; – ‘directing the spirit (energy)’ to God;

and with detachment, ‘ perpetually from all interest’, in the ‘ things’ (myopic things) of the world; and free from ( all) ‘enmity’ towards any living being .

Whatever be our vocation, and character , ‘whether we are Creative thinkers, or Contemplative poets or humble men and women with no special gifts’;

if we possess the one great gift of the ‘Love of God’ , we become in God’s hands as God’s tools, that channels His Love and purpose’.

When this vast world of ‘living spirits’ becomes attuned to God and exists only to do His Will – the purpose of Man is achieved.

The Gita does not end atter the tremendous experience of the ‘Celestial Vision’.

The great secret of the transcendental ‘Atman’, the souce of all , that is and yet. itself is unmoved and for ever is seen.

The Supreme is the background for the never ending procession of ‘finite’ things (things nature of getting destroyed time and again).

Arjuna ( another meaning) = conqueror, has seen this TRUTH ;

but he has to live in this life like ( this -phenomenon )( it) (live this life) by transmuting his whole nature into the willing acceptance of ‘the Divine’ .

A fleeting vision , however , vivid and and permanent in its effects may be , is not Complete attainment.

The search for ‘abiding reality’, the quest of final truth cannot end – in emotional satisfaction or fitful experience.

‘iti…. visvarupadarsanayogo namaikadaso ‘ dhyayah’ (Sanskrit)

But see even First president of United States of America Mr. George Washington used to work for ‘some hours’ on his farms with his farm labor;

that way tthis American showed the way;

like Ancient Indian Kings;

but how many Indians do toda;

once they become some so called ‘politicians’?

So called ‘Indian politicians’ politicians as a class of persons, just say that they follow American some ways;

but not really follow what Americans’ revered even today!

You can say what kind of new genenre of indian politicians are today.

Most are some indulgent kind , indulging in all kinds of indulgencies, all lazy pursuits;

why the man on the street shalln’t hate them in India?

In fact, none likes any politician or any rich and wealthy beleiving in hoarding wealth without ‘share -i- table’ disposition, in India;

just because they all beleive in hoarding, instead of being charitable in disposition, like ordinary American on to top American politician.


As such, new fangled perceptions of ‘new station in life’ is indeed a worst corruption of mind of Man, after all you came on earth nothing so too you go with nothing is a great truth, you could never forget, asfter all you are a finite destroyable just some body mass, forget not!.(ends)